记录下之前搭建过程

前置要求:

  1. 装好phpstorm
  2. 装好docker
  3. 下载docker-compose(可选)

最后附一键docker-compose搭建方法,可附带mysql,感谢王神指导。

手动搭建

docker进行PHP多版本部署

docker run -d -p 10001:80 -v /Users/gyy/dockerPHP/www/html:/var/www/html php:5.6-apache
docker run -d -p 10002:80 -v /Users/gyy/dockerPHP/www/html:/var/www/html php:7.4-apache
docker run -d -p 10003:80 -v /Users/gyy/dockerPHP/www/html:/var/www/html php:7.2-apache
docker run -d -p 10004:80 -v /Users/gyy/dockerPHP/www/html:/var/www/html php:7.3-apache
docker run -d -p 10005:80 -v /Users/gyy/dockerPHP/www/html:/var/www/html php:7.0-apache

随意,要啥版本起啥容器,可以去https://hub.docker.com/_/php

参数解释:

-d : 后台运行
-v : 目录映射,因为我们要把本地目录映射到容器目录
	本地目录:容器目录

安装xdebug模块

安装vim并换源

echo 'deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ buster main non-free contrib \
			deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ buster-updates main non-free contrib \
 			deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ buster-backports main non-free contrib \
 			deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ buster main non-free contrib \
 			deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ buster-updates main non-free contrib \
 			deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ buster-backports main non-free contrib \
 			deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian-security/ buster/updates main non-free contrib \
 			deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian-security/ buster/updates main non-free contrib'> /etc/apt/sources.list \
&& apt update && apt install -y vim

安装xdebug模块

docker exec -it <id> bash进入容器后

docker-php-ext-install mysqli \
    && pecl install xdebug \
    && docker-php-ext-enable xdebug

注意:php5.6需要指定版本安装xdebug

RUN docker-php-ext-install mysqli \
    && docker-php-ext-install mysql \
    && pecl install xdebug-2.5.0

运行php -m 发现已经安装好xdebug模块

修改php.ini

cp /usr/local/etc/php/php.ini-production /usr/local/etc/php/php.ini
vim /usr/local/etc/php/php.ini

添加

[XDebug]
xdebug.remote_enable=On
xdebug.remote_host=host.docker.internal
xdebug.remote_port=9000
xdebug.auto_trace=On
xdebug.collect_vars=On
xdebug.collect_return=On
xdebug.collect_params=On
xdebug.idekey=phpstorm
xdebug.remote_log='/tmp/xdebug.log'

写进去之后重启apache服务 apache2ctl restart

查看phpinfo,访问http://127.0.0.1:[port]


一键部署

php多版本+mysql服务

目录结构

|	docker-compose.yml
└--5.6
	 └-Dockerfile
└--7.4
	 └-Dockerfile

Docker-compose.yml,如果需要起不同或更多的版本,照着修改yml和Dockerfile即可

version: '3'
services:
    php5.6:                # 容器名称, 自行修改
        build: ./5.6/           # 构建路径, . 表示会在当前路径下找 Dockerfile 文件
        # image: php:5.6-apache   # 镜像名称, 如果没有上面的 build, docker-compose 将会尝试从官方仓库 pull 该镜像
        ports: 
            - 10001:80     # 映射端口 虚拟机端口:容器内端口
        volumes: 
            [/Users/gyy/dockerPHP/www/html:/var/www/html]
        links: 
            - mysql     #连接mysql服务
        stdin_open: true
        tty: true
        restart: always # 自动重启,一般用于开机自启
    mysql:
        image: mysql/mysql-server:5.6
        environment: 
            MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: "<password>" # 自设mysql的password
        ports: 
            - 3306:3306 # 由于映射端口,密码需设强密码,否则请关闭端口映射
        restart: always
    php7.4:                # 容器名称, 自行修改
        build: ./7.4/           # 构建路径, . 表示会在当前路径下找 Dockerfile 文件
        # image: php:7.4-apache   # 镜像名称, 如果没有上面的 build, docker-compose 将会尝试从官方仓库 pull 该镜像
        ports: 
            - 10002:80     # 映射端口 虚拟机端口:容器内端口
        volumes: 
            [/Users/gyy/dockerPHP/www/html:/var/www/html]
        links: 
            - mysql     #连接mysql服务
        stdin_open: true
        tty: true
        restart: always

5.6的Dockerfile

FROM php:5.6-apache

RUN echo 'deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ buster main non-free contrib \
  deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ buster-updates main non-free contrib \
  deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ buster-backports main non-free contrib \
  deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ buster main non-free contrib \
  deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ buster-updates main non-free contrib \
  deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ buster-backports main non-free contrib \
  deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian-security/ buster/updates main non-free contrib \
  deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian-security/ buster/updates main non-free contrib'> /etc/apt/sources.list \
    && apt update && apt install -y vim

RUN ["/bin/bash","-c","echo -e \"xdebug.remote_enable=On\nxdebug.remote_host=host.docker.internal\nxdebug.remote_port=9000\nxdebug.auto_trace=On\nxdebug.collect_vars=On\nxdebug.collect_return=On\nxdebug.collect_params=On\nxdebug.idekey=phpstorm\nxdebug.remote_log='/tmp/xdebug.log'\" >> /usr/local/etc/php/conf.d/myconfig.ini"]

RUN docker-php-ext-install mysqli \
    && docker-php-ext-install mysql \
    && pecl install xdebug-2.5.0 \ # 指定xdebug版本
    && docker-php-ext-enable xdebug

RUN apache2ctl restart

7.4的dockerfile

FROM php:7.4-apache

RUN echo 'deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ buster main non-free contrib \
  deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ buster-updates main non-free contrib \
  deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ buster-backports main non-free contrib \
  deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ buster main non-free contrib \
  deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ buster-updates main non-free contrib \
  deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ buster-backports main non-free contrib \
  deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian-security/ buster/updates main non-free contrib \
  deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian-security/ buster/updates main non-free contrib'> /etc/apt/sources.list \
    && apt update && apt install -y vim

RUN ["/bin/bash","-c","echo -e \"xdebug.remote_enable=On\nxdebug.remote_host=host.docker.internal\nxdebug.remote_port=9000\nxdebug.auto_trace=On\nxdebug.collect_vars=On\nxdebug.collect_return=On\nxdebug.collect_params=On\nxdebug.idekey=phpstorm\nxdebug.remote_log='/tmp/xdebug.log'\" >> /usr/local/etc/php/conf.d/myconfig.ini"]

RUN  docker-php-ext-install mysqli \
    && pecl install xdebug-2.9.0 \ # 最好也指定下版本
    && docker-php-ext-enable xdebug

RUN apache2ctl restart

在docker-compose.yml所在目录运行docker-compose up -d

如图所示,在映射目录写个phpinfo,用不同端口访问本地可见版本不同,可以非常灵活地调试

xdebug模块也加载好了


配置phpstorm

在本地映射目录下新建项目并打开,点击右上角配置

打开设置Preferences->Build,Execution,Deployment->Deployment

打开Run->Web Server Debug Validation

Chrome浏览器安装debug插件

然后就可以惹


访问测试

一般来说都是在本地搭建环境,尽量别放有公网vps的服务器上…会被打

页面测试

映射目录写phpinfo(),访问对应端口的容器

mysql测试(一键部署可用)

映射目录写mysqltest.php

<?php
$servername = "mysql";
$username = "root";
$password = "<password>"; // 自设的mysql密码

$conn = new mysqli($servername, $username, $password);


if ($conn->connect_error) {
    die("error:" . $conn->connect_error);
}
echo "success";
?>

访问http://127.0.0.1:[port]/mysqltest.php

测试完毕